Data Tools & Methodologies

Practical Tools for Value Transfer in Denmark – Guidelines and an Example

5th August 2007
Published under: Data Tools & Methodologies

Practical Guidelines for Value Transfer in Denmark Based on the current state-of-the-art in validity of value transfer, simple unit value transfer is recommended instead of the theoretically more appealing value function transfer from a single primary valuation study (benefit function) or multiple studies (meta-analysis). A seven-step practical guideline is recommended for future value transfers. These… [more]

SEEA-Water System of Environmental-Economic Accounting for Water

7th July 2007
Published under: Data Tools & Methodologies

Water is essential for life. It is a key component in growing food, generating energy, producing many industrial products and other goods and services, as well as in ensuring the integrity of ecosystems. Increasing competition for freshwater use in the agricultural, urban and industrial sectors, including through population growth, has resulted in unprecedented pressures on… [more]

What are Ecosystem Services? The Need for Standardized Environmental Accounting Units

1st July 2007
Published under: Data Tools & Methodologies,Enabling Environment

This paper advocates consistently defined units of account to measure the contributions of nature to human welfare. We argue that such units have to date not been defined by environmental accounting advocates and that the term “ecosystem services” is too ad hoc to be of practical use in welfare accounting. We propose a definition, rooted… [more]

Environmentally Extended Input-Output Tables and Models for Europe

9th August 2006
Published under: Data Tools & Methodologies,Enabling Environment

Environmentally extended input-output (EEIO) tables and models have become a powerful element in supporting information-based environmental and economic policies. Briefly stated, monetary input-output (IO) tables give insight into the value of economic transactions between different sectors in an economy, including output for exports, capital formation and final government and private consumption. They allow for calculating… [more]

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment: Ecosystems and human wellbeing: Biodiversity Synthesis

7th May 2005
Published under: Data Tools & Methodologies

This report synthesizes findings from the MA global and sub-global assessments on biodiversity and human wellbeing. All of the MA authors and Review Editors have contributed to this draft through their contributions to the underlying assessment chapters on which this material is based. Five additional synthesis reports were prepared for ease of use by other… [more]

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol: A Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard. Revised Edition

12th September 2004
Published under: Data Tools & Methodologies

The GHG Protocol Corporate Standard provides standards and guidance for companies and other organizations preparing a GHG emissions inventory. It covers the accounting and reporting of the six greenhouse gases covered by the Kyoto Protocol — carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6). The GHG Protocol… [more]