This article was originally published on Water Briefing.
“Restoring more forests around Rio de Janeiro could save the city up to $79 million in water treatment costs, while dramatically reducing the amount of chemicals used to treat drinking water, a new study from the World Resources Institute has found.
The report was developed by WRI, the Boticário Group Foundation for Nature Protection and The Nature Conservancy (TNC), in partnership with FEMSA Foundation, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Instituto BioAtlântica (IBio) and Natural Capital Project.
Rio de Janeiro hosts the world’s largest water treatment plant – the Guandu Water Treatment Station provides 90% of the city’s water and is increasingly grappling with water quality problems. One challenge is that forest loss and landscape degradation upstream of the city is causing soil erosion, which generates more pollution, and fills reservoirs with sediment instead of water. This is leading to costly water treatment and dredging needs.
Supplying water to 9 million people is putting tremendous pressure on the Guandu treatment plant. Even a small rate of pollution can result in high costs because of the volume of water moving through it.
The challenge is intensifying—to meet the city’s demand in 2030, supply of treated water may need to increase up to 50%. An innovative strategy to cost-effectively deal with this water pollution looks beyond the city’s treatment plant and into its surrounding forests. Rio de Janeiro is surrounded by forested hills.
Forests filter water and reduce cities’ water treatment costs
Trees naturally filter the water that runs through them, providing cleaner water to people downstream and reducing water treatment costs. Forests also protect cities from floods and landslides, and reduce wear and tear on downstream built infrastructure like dams and treatment plants. Rio’s water managers are already experimenting with using forest protection and other “natural infrastructure” for cleaner water…”
Read on at: Water Briefing.