This paper was originally published in Ecosystem Services


  • Fragmented law complicates the implementation of a holistic ecosystem approach.
  • The new Dutch EPA integrates practically all national environmental legislation.
  • Indicators are designed to analyze if legislation supports the ecosystem approach.
  • The EPA provides room but no incentive to implement an ecosystem approach.

Abstract: This paper discusses whether the future Dutch Environment and Planning Act has embraced the ecosystem approach as a leading paradigm…”

Read on at: Ecosystem Services.